The United Nations had as one of their sustainable development goals to “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture” which they adopted in 2015.
It is estimated that close to 800 million people worldwide are undernourished, with 220 million of the total number originating from South Saharan Desert region.
According to the Global Nutrition report in 2015, countries such as Madagascar, Ethiopia and Mozambique have the high percentage of the proportion of undernourishment with 33%, 32%, and 25.3% respectively and stunting rates of up to 49.2% (Madagascar) with data for countries like Sudan being unknown. Other countries with considerable nourishment and stunting levels include Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Kenya.
JICA has launched an initiative known as the IFNA or the Initiative for Food and Nutrition Security in Africa, which has aim to improve nutrition in Africa and mainly in this region. It is also currently working on strategizing nutrition improvement methods in African countries and promoting practical activities in this light during the upcoming years till 2025.
This initiative was launched as a side event hosted and co-hosted by JICA and NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa’s Development) respectively during the TICAD VI held in Nairobi, Kenya August of last year.